Target 5 – Habitat loss halved or reduced
By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.
Shrinking forests and reduced access to resources have led to severe hardship among IPLCs, many of whom obtain their daily needs from the world’s forests. IPLCs are contributing to progress on this target through responsible management and conservation of their own forests, which recent studies show can be more effective in reducing deforestation than conventional protected areas, and also through activism at all levels to combat habitat loss and degradation caused by others. Respecting customary land and forest tenures and human rights are fundamental to enable upscaling of community conservation of habitats, complemented by regulatory and voluntary measures.