Target 16 – Access to and sharing benefits from genetic resources
By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is in force and operational, consistent with national legislation.
The successful implementation of the Nagoya Protocol can provide opportunities for the recognition of traditional knowledge and the provision of a range of benefits for IPLCs, including fair compensation. However, positive outcomes require full recognition of IPLC rights as well as extensive capacity-building, guidance on free, prior and informed consent (FPIC), education, and provision of financial and legal resources in order to ensure the effective participation of IPLCs. Experiences from early implementation of the Protocol provide important lessons to enhance progress towards meeting this target.